Most international leaders operate in complex, matrix or network organization structures where work crosses the traditional silos of function, geography and business unit. Our training can include the development of tools and skills for operating in a matrix – where multiple bosses, competing goals and complex organization dynamics are the norm . Leaders need to balance the dilemmas of matrix working – for example what should be global and what should be local. They understand the importance of consistency – but also that one size does not always fit all. The five barriers above have an impact on all of the traditional leadership tasks. We still need to recruit, retain, motivate, communicate, inspire, manage and develop people. Despite all of this complexity, we still need to get things done fast and without unnecessary cost.